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Deadline for Setting Up a SIMPLE IRA Plan

Did SECURE Acts 1.0 and/or 2.0 Change the Deadline for Setting Up a SIMPLE IRA Plan?

ERISA consultants at the Retirement Learning Center (RLC) Resource Desk regularly receive calls from financial advisors on a broad array of technical topics related to IRAs, qualified retirement plans and other types of retirement savings and income plans, including nonqualified plans, stock options, and Social Security and Medicare.  We bring Case of the Week to you to highlight the most relevant topics affecting your business.

A recent call with an advisor in New Mexico is representative of an inquiry involving a savings incentive match plan for employees (SIMPLE) IRA plan.

Highlights of the Discussion

The short answer is no. While SECURE Acts 1.0 and/or 2.0 have given us a multitude of retirement plan changes, they did not affect the deadline for setting up a SIMPLE IRA plan. The general deadline for establishing a SIMPLE IRA plan for a given year is still October 1 of the year.  For example, the deadline for an eligible business owner to set up a SIMPLE IRA plan for 2023 is October 1, 2023.

There are two exceptions to the general rule as follow (See IRS Notice 98-4, Q&A K-1).

  1. If the business comes into existence after October 1 of the year the SIMPLE IRA plan is desired, then the new business owner may still set up a SIMPLE IRA plan for the year, provided he or she does so as soon as administratively feasible after the start of the new business.
  2. If a business has previously maintained a SIMPLE IRA plan, then it may only set up a new SIMPLE IRA plan effective on January 1 of the following year (e.g., set up the plan in 2023 with an effective date of January 1, 2024).

Businesses that are eligible to establish SIMPLE IRA plans are those that

  1. Do not maintain any other qualified retirement plans; and
  2. Have 100 or fewer employees who received at least $5,000 in compensation from the employer for the preceding year [IRC §408(p)(2)(c)(i) and IRS Notice 98-4, Q&A B4 ].

However, an employer can use less restrictive participation requirements if it so desires.

(Note that SECURE Act 2.0, beginning in 2024, will allow employers to replace their SIMPLE IRA plans mid-year with an “eligible 401(k) replacement plan.” See a prior Case of the Week  “A SIMPLE Switch” for more information.)

The basic steps for establishing a SIMPLE IRA plan are

  1. Execute a written plan document (either a government Form 5304-SIMPLE or Form 5305-SIMPLE, or a prototype plan document from a mutual fund company, insurance company, bank or other qualified institution);
  2. Provide notice to employees; and
  3. Ensure each participant sets up a SIMPLE IRA to receive contributions.

Employees who are eligible to participate in a SIMPLE IRA plan are those who received at least $5,000 in compensation from the employer during any two preceding years and are reasonably expected to receive at least $5,000 in compensation during the current year.


Business owners who are interested in establishing SIMPLE IRA plans must be aware of the deadline to do so, and the additional steps involved to ensure a successful set up.



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